Article format

Title: The title should be in sentence case (only scientific, geographic or person names should be with a first capital letter). Title should describe the work accurately. Please avoid any abbreviations within the title.

Authors and affiliation: Provide full names and emails of all authors, their complete address and institutional affiliation.

Abstract: The abstract should include context and purpose of the work, a brief description of the methods, main findings and brief summary of the results and a conclusion. The abstract should be less than 300 words. Please do not include literature citations or references to tables, figures or equations.

Keywords:  Choose 3 or more keywords that reflect the content of your article.

Introduction/ Background: The introductory section of the text should include a brief statement of why the research was conducted. It should also define the problem and present objectives along with a plan of development of the subject matter. It should also clearly state the research and its aims.

Materials and Methods: This section should include the design of the study, the type of materials and analysis involved. Provide sufficient detail so that the work may be repeated. Do not give details of methods described in readily available sources. Instead, refer to the source and describe any modification. Figures that illustrate test apparatus and tables of treatment parameters or equipment specifications are appropriate here.

Results and Discussion: This section describes the solution to the problem stated in the introductory section. Use figures and tables to visually supplement the presentation of your results. Do not omit important negative results. In addition, relate your findings to previous findings by identifying how and why there are differences and where there is agreement. Speculation is encouraged, but it must be identified. This section may be combined into a single section or presented separately.

Conclusions: In this section, state any conclusions that can be drawn from your data and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance. You may also include suggestions for future research. The conclusion may be a subsection of the Results and Discussion section, or it may be a separate section. Data or statements cited in your conclusion must have been stated previously in the article. Do not introduce new information in the conclusion.

Acknowledgement: Acknowledgement is optional. Use them to thank individuals or organizations that provided assistance in materials, expertise, or financing. The acknowledgements will appear at the end of the text and should be limited to one or two sentences.

References: All sources cited in the text must be listed in the References, and all documents listed in the References must be cited in the text. Accuracy of citation is the author’s responsibility.

Reference Style: References should be cited in the text in the form (Author et al, 1999) and listed in alphabetical order at the end of the article as follows:

Research Article:

– Author surnames with initials
– Year of publication
– Title of paper
– Journal name (italic), using standard abbreviation
– Volume number (bold)
– First and last page numbers
– DOI (if available)

Example: Slawson RM, Van Dyke MI, Lee H and Trevors JT. 1992. Germanium and silver resistance, accumulation, and toxicity in microorganisms. Plasmid 27:72-79.


– Author surnames with initials
– Title of the book (italic)

– Year of publication

–  The edition, the chapter(s), the page range(s), the editor(s), name of the publisher and the place of publication (if needed)

– ISBN (if available)

Example: Leland J. Cseke, Ara Kirakosyan, Peter B. Kaufman, Sara Warber, James A. Duke, Harry L. Brielmann. Natural Products from plants. 2nd edn. 2006;51-61, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. ISBN 9780849329760


Abbreviations should be given in full at the first mention.

In the list of references, widely recognized abbreviations for journals should be used. If in doubt, give the full title of the journal.