The Jammu and Kashmir state is stretched between 32°17′-37°03’N latitude 72°03,-80°20°E longitude, with an average annual rainfall of 60-80cm. The state exhibits varied climatic and topographic conditions and provide a congenial environment for the luxurious growth of diverse groups of plants and fungi. However, information regarding the macro-fungal inventorization from this state is limited. In this backdrop, a systematic study of mushroom diversity from Western Kashmir Himalaya was undertaken. During the course of field survey from March 2009 to December 2010, two new species Mutinus caninus (Huds.) Fr. and Gyromitra sphaerospora (Peck) Sacc. were reported from the surveyed area. These species were identified on the basis of macro and microscopic characteristics and are first records from Kashmir Himalaya.
The studies on the habitat characteristics, classification of habitat and preparation of mammalian checklist were done in Nameri National Park from 1999-2010. Study revealed that the habitat of Nameri National Park was dominated by Moist-mixed semi-evergreen (163.22 km2) forest followed by short and tall grasslands (15.7 km2). The entire forest habitat was classified into eight distinct classes based on satellite imagery and ground survey methods viz., (a) Mixed moist-evergreen forests, (b) Mixed moist semi-evergreen forests, (c) Grasslands, (d) Scrubland/Degraded forests, (e) Cultivated land, (f) Miscellaneous forests, (g) Riverine forests and (h) Deciduous forests. The Mixed moist evergreen forest covers only 0.20 km2 in Nameri National Park. The park has supported high diversity of mammalian fauna owing to dense vegetation structures. Altogether 54 mammalian species has been encountered in the park during study period. The concentration of Asiatic Bison and wild Elephants was another important finding of the present study. Yet again, the park harbours various endangered and threatened mammalian and avian faunas.